CSS as Art

Proceedural, vector graphics in the browser

By Chris Cauley

What is CSS?

Where did CSS come from?

  • About as old as I am
  • No one carried a supercomputer
  • Text was usually printed and limited designers used to moveable type
  • Hackers drive the development of CSS
  • CSS is now half well oiled machine, half legacy code

Getting started

  • Open these slides in a modern browser (chrome) with the following url: goo.gl/RQp7i5
  • The link at the bottom of the page is to a (mostly empty) codepen
  • Click "Change View" in the top right, and select one of the vertical editor layouts.
  • Resize the JS box until it is gone.
  • Note the "less" next to CSS. Certain features taught in this class will not work without this.

Anatomy of HTML


                  
                    
                      More HTML tags or content goes here
                    
                    
                  
              
  • "Proper" HTML has specific tags (style, div, p, video, form, input)
  • For this class, anything goes! (Letters and dashes, no spaces)
  • Tags can contain other tags.
  • Attributes are normally name="value". We're just going to use the name.

Anatomy of CSS

source: dabrook.org

But For This Class...


                  tag-name {
                    background: yellow;
                    border: 10px black solid;
                    height: 20%;
                    width: 20%;
                  }
                  another-tag {
                    width: 100%;
                    height: 50%;
                  }
                  [green] {
                    background: green;
                  }
                  /* in general: 
                  SOME_SELECTOR {
                    PROP1: VALUE1;
                    PROP2: VALUE2;
                  }
                  */
                  /* DANGER ZONE */
              
  • Without punctuation, the selector is just the name of the tag
  • [attribute] selects anything with (any value of) that attribute
  • Inside the braces {} modifies anything matching that selector
  • A declaration is a series of property-value pairs

CSS as stackable boxes


                  
                    
                    
                    
                    
                    
                    
                    
                    
                    
                    
                  
              

                  box {
                    border: 10px solid black;
                    height: 25%;
                    width: 25%;
                  }
                  [a] {
                    background-color: red;
                  }
                  [b] {
                    background-color: blue;
                  }
                  /* DANGER ZONE */
                  outer {
                    background: white;
                    height: 500px;
                    width: 500px;
                  }
              

The Box Model

  • Margin: Space between boxes
  • Border: Styled boundary
  • Padding: Space from border
  • Content: Stuff inside the box
  • ---
  • px: Pixels
  • %: relative to parent
  • Measure from:
    top right bottom left

In this class, width (or height) = border + padding + content

Absolute Positioning FTW!


                  

                    
                      
                        
                      
                    

                    
                      
                        
                      
                    

                  
              

                  box {
                    position: absolute;
                    height: 20%;
                    width: 20%;
                  }

                  [a] { background-color: darkvoilet; }
                  [b] { background-color: darkgoldenrod; }
                  [c] { background-color: darkcyan; }

                  [pb], [pt] { left: 20%; }
                  [pb] { bottom: 20%; }
                  [pt] { top: 20%; }
                  /* DANGER ZONE */
              

Making Shapes: Border Radius

CSS Transforms: The Fun Stuff

Gradients

<< INSERT CONTENT HERE>>

Cropping (Advanced Ninja Shit)

You can copy and paste the code pen here if you want. I couldn't be bothered.

Stuff not covered in this class

  • box-shadow
  • pseudo elements
  • psuedo-classes
  • -webkit-box-reflect
  • animations
  • transition
  • filters (ARE FREAKING AWESOME)